Department of Sociocultural Studies, Faculty of Sociology 社会学部社会文化システム学科

社会文化ってなに? 留学/海外便り社会文化体験科目群

Educational Goals

The Department of Sociocultural Studies encourages its students to become acquainted with a theoretical framework that allows them to handle “society” and “culture” in a coordinated and multifaceted manner. It cultivates talented young people who are strongly field-oriented and have acquired many linguistic abilities. This department requires students to actively study English and other foreign languages.


The Organization of the Department of Sociocultural Studies

The organization of the Department of Sociocultural Studies is based on “societies,” “cultures,” and “systems.” When this department was established, we conceptualized the relations among these three concepts in the following manner. First, we considered “society” to be a “substantial system of interactions that is relatively unchangeable” and is represented by systems or organizations; we then thought of “culture” as a “normative system used to create and pass down this society.” Adopting this perspective involves understanding “society” and “culture” as a single indivisible concept, and we handled this indivisible singular nature as a “sociocultural system.” Thus, we named our department the Department of Sociocultural Studies.

Current social phenomenon and problems around the world

Several of the social problems or phenomena that are currently occurring in the world could be viewed as emerging from areas that involve conflicts between “society” and “culture.” The ethnic conflicts and issues that frequently occur all over the world are rooted in religious (=cultural) confrontations, and they occasionally disturb the system of a nation state (=society). In contrast, sometimes, they comprise complex aspects that lead them to unify a state. Adopting the aforementioned perspective that views “society” and “culture” as an indivisible system offers an extremely rich and effective analytical framework for examining various modern-day problems on a global scale.

An understanding of the trifecta of “society,” “culture,” and “systems”

We believe that an understanding of “society,” “culture,” and “systems” as a trifecta offers a useful analytical framework for examining several social problems and cultural phenomena. These social problems and cultural phenomena are not limited to ethnic conflicts and issues, and they include sensational reactions to “new religious groups,” the acceptance or shunning of the behaviors of the “youth,” including middle and senior high school students, and the potentially excessive interest in the various “criminal” behaviors of the people around us.

Based on the thoughts expressed previously, the Department of Sociocultural Studies would like its students to learn a theoretical framework that enables a coordinated and multifaceted handling of “society” and “culture” and cultivates talented young people who are strongly field-oriented and have acquired various linguistic abilities.


In the Department of Sociocultural Studies, the Seminar on Sociocultural Studies (labeled “the seminar”) is a compulsory subject from freshmen to senior years. The handling of a wide variety of problems each year in school and attempts to understand concepts through a keen analysis of both cultural and social aspects are the unique characteristics of this department’s seminar. The approach that considers the understanding of cultural phenomena through their relation with social systems has led to sociology, cultural anthropology, and area studies being set as core subjects within this department. Moreover, the department also emphasizes the study of language as it is necessary for area studies.

社会文化ってなに? 留学/海外便り社会文化体験科目群





社会文化システム学科の成り立ちの基本は、文字通り「社会」と「文化」と「システム」にあります。私たちはこの学科を設置するにあたって、この三つの関係を次のように考えました。 まず、「社会」を制度や組織に代表される「相対的に不変な相互作用の実体的体系」とみなし「文化」をその「社会を創造し継承してくための規範的体系」と考えます。 この視点にたったとき、「社会」と「文化」は不可分一体のものとして把握されることになり、こうした不可分一体性を私たちは「社会文化システム」(socio-cultural system)としてとらえます。学科名を「社会文化システム学科」とした理由はここにあります。


現在、世界で生起している社会現象・社会問題のいくつかは、このような「社会」と「文化」のせめぎあう地点において発生しているとみてよいでしょう。 世界各地に頻発している民族紛争・民族問題は宗教(=文化)対立を根底にはらみながら、時に制度としての国家(=社会)を動揺させ、時に国家を一体化させるに至る複雑な様相を呈します。 世界規模での今日の種々の問題を考察する際、私たちが掲げる「社会」と「文化」を一体不可分のものとみなす視点は、きわめて有効かつ豊かな分析枠組みを提示してくれることになります。


「社会」と「文化」と「システム」のこうした三位一体的把握は、民族紛争・民族問題に限らす、私たちの身の回りで発生しているさまざまな「犯罪」行為に対する過剰ともいえる関心、「新しい宗教集団」をめぐるセンセーショナルな反応、 中学生や高校生をも含めた「若者」の行動への忌避と寛容さといった多様な社会問題・文化現象の分析にきわめて有効な枠組みを提示してくれるものと私たちは考えます。



社会文化システム学科では、「社会文化システム論演習」(通称ゼミ)が1年次から4年次までの必修科目として設置されています。学年ごとに幅広い問題を扱いつつ、社会と文化の両面から鋭く分析し理解しようとするのが、本学科のゼミの特徴です。 文化現象を社会システムとの関連でつかむ必要があるという姿勢から、基幹科目として、社会学・文化人類学・地域研究を置いています。また、地域研究に必要な語学教育も重視しています。