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4th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Inoue Enryo Research “Inoue Enryo and Modern Japan”

4th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Inoue Enryo Research

1On September 13, 2015, on the campus of Toyo University Hakusan (125 Memorial Hall), the 4th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Inoue Enryo Research was held. This Meeting included five individual presentations and a special lecture by Prof. Agustìn Jacinto Zavala (El Colegio de Michoacan, Ircp Visiting Researcher) from Mexico.

  The first individual presentation was by Prof. KŌDa Retsu (Sagami Women's University) entitled “’Yokai’ as the Edge of the Cosmos: As Seen from Enryo's Concept of ‘Mutual Inclusion.’” This presentation attempted to design a Yokai theory including the concept of “mutual inclusion,” which, as the final philosophical standpoint of Inoue Enryo, did not seem to be included in his Yokai theory.

  Next, the Ircp Research Associate, Shirai Masato, presented a paper entitled “Inoue Enryo’s Philosophy of Peace and War.” He discussed the limits and a new possibility for Inoue Enryo’s later ethical theory, tracing the transition of his discourse on peace and war.

  The third presentation was by Hori Masamichi (Toyo University) entitled “Enryo as a Tourist.” Based on Enryo’s travel literature, he discussed how Enryo traveled throughout Japan and around the world. He also investigated the effect of Enryo’s travel on the formation of his thought.

  After the intermission, Sugawara Jun (Nihon University) presented a paper entitled “Ryosen Tsunashima and Toyo University.” This paper surveyed articles by Ryosen Tsunashima who played an important role in the dispute regarding the Philosophy Academy incident. In his paper, he clarified how the incident is situated among the stream of idea of thought of acceptance of Western philosophy in Japan.

  The final presentation was entitled “The Buddhist Concept of Means in Inoue Enryo” by Schulzer Rainer (Eberhard Karls University, Tübingen). In his presentation, he summarized Enryo’s concept of means (upāya) and clarified its significance through the following four points: (1) means (soteriological devices) as Buddhist doctrines inconsistent with the scientific worldview; (2) upāya as a psychotherapist approach; (3) upāya as a pragmatic concept of religious truth; and (4) upāya as a Buddhist concept of tolerance.

  After the individual presentations, Prof. Zavala gave a special lecture entitled “Inoue Enryo’s Middle-School Shūshin Course as Hermeneutics of the Imperial Rescript on Education” in which he clarified how Enryo planned the Shūshin Course, which terms 10 years from elementary to middle school. In order to clarify the background of the Shūshin Course by Enryo, Prof. Zavala surveyed a few plans taken from the Shūshin Course. Then, he outlined the ethical theory based on the Imperial Rescript on Education such as Inoue Tetsujiro’s New Theory of Ethics and Enryo’s Outline of Ethics. He also summarized some of the explanatory notes to the Imperial Rescript. Then, he investigated Enryo’s Shūshin Course and compared it to that of Inoue Tetsujiro.

2  Enryo’s Shūshin Course proceeds the process which is rightly called the hermeneutics of the Imperial Rescript. Through his lecture clarifying Enryo’s Shūshin Course, which utilizes the hermeneutical method, he shed new light on a meaning that had been previously overlooked.

  All of the presentations were very fruitful, exemplifying the high academic level of the International Association for Inoue Enryo Research.