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"New Realism" Study Group Session, 3rd Unit

"New Realism" Study Group Session, 3rd Unit

 

 The "New Realism" Study Group met on May 23, 2015, in the School of Literature Conference Room of Building 6 on the Hakusan (Main) Campus. Various attempts to rehabilitate realism to counter the "postmodern" have been seen recently in Europe. These movements include critical realism, mainly in England; speculative realism, centered in France; and new realism, in Italy and Germany. The reports presented at this study group's latest meeting expanded their scope to include critical realism and speculative realism as they pursued their investigations of neorealism. Owing to its foundations in the work of Friedrich Schelling, the presentations observed that new realism first seeks to clarify the significance of realism in its effort to rehabilitate this predecessor. Next, regarding how new realism counters the postmodern, the presentations focused on what sorts of arguments serve to have this effect.

 Based on these propositions, Hitotsubashi University doctoral student NAKASHIMA Arata led off the session with a presentation titled "Schelling and Markus Gabriel: Concerning New Realism." In it, NAKASHIMA laid out how Gabriel (a professor at the University of Bonn, IRCP Visiting Researcher) developed his understanding of Schelling based on his studies into the philosophy of mythology. His understanding was given concrete expression through his assertion that "there is no such thing as the world" and through his studies on "factual existence" in new realism.

 Next, IRCP researcher NAGASHIMA Takashi gave a presentation on "The New Realism Movement: Maurizio Ferraris, Markus Gabriel, and Analytical Philosophy." Focusing on Ferraris' Manifesto del nuovo realismo, NAGASHIMA began his presentation with the reason why Ferraris boldly used the "manifesto" form before going on to explore the fundamental understanding upon which Ferraris' work is based—the understanding that "Kantian interpretations are the root for postmodernism." NAGASHIMA then covered the breadth of Ferraris' work across three topics. He also laid out the movement's origins in Schelling and showed how it is coupled to the intervention of analytical philosophy in German idealism.

 The meeting was significant for the attendees in that it enabled them to perceive the expansiveness of new realism, and that it indicates new directions when coupled with an approach to the analytical philosophy of Schelling and by extension to German idealism. It also made it clear, however, that theoretical analyses of these new directions will require further exploration.

New Realism