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Research Center for Public/Private Partnership

Outline (History) of Research Center for Public/Private Partnership

Toyo University set up Japan's first Public Private Partnership (PPP) course in Graduate School of Economics in FY2006. With the Research Center for Public/Private Partnership opened in 2008, Toyo University is committed to playing a role as a core organization for PPP in terms of both education and research.

Activities and Features

The problem of PPP is that the project structuring and formation process remains within the government, thus from the private sector's and citizen's perspective, unreasonable and inadequate project scoping, method, and schedule are setunreasonable and inadequate PPP from the standpoint of private sectors and citizens would be formed as their contents, method, and time are actually decided by the government (= “governmental discretion problem”). In order to resolve this problem, it is necessary for the government sector to compose a Request for Proposal (RFP) to fully utilize the abilities of the private sector.As a result, in order to resolve this problem, it is necessary to allow private sectors to make the best use of their abilities in the stage of Request For Proposal (RFP) presented by the government to public sectors. The Research Center strives to formulate methods to form the best PPP for the government, private sectors, and citizens, by scientifically analyzing RFP which had been made through trial and error. Among students who have completed the PPP course, ones with will and ability to continue to contribute to the research play a core part of the research as a research partner. As usually engaged in practical operations related to PPP at local governments and private companies, etc., they can reflect their experiences in the research to make it practical.

Research Achievements

In PPP course’s compulsory subject, “PPP Theory II,” students are divided into groups and formulate and compete their RFPs and proposals. The Research Center generated a hypothesis concerning causes of failed and successful RFP on the basis of empirical data. In order to practically apply this hypothesis, many local municipalities, such as Shiwa-cho in Iwate Prefecture, Fujisawa City in Kanagawa Prefecture, Narashino City and Abiko City in Chiba Prefecture, support formulation of RFP in PFI and projects to use public properties.

Future Development (Goal)

The Research Center has presently compiled an optimum RFP theory through that empirical research. The result is scheduled to be announced through the Collected Papers published by the Research Center for PPP.