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【著作紹介】Ethical Aestheticism in the Early Works of Henry James: The Shadow of John Ruskin

Ethical Aestheticism in the Early Works of Henry James 著者江口 智子 (生命科学部生命科学科 准教授) 
出版社: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
出版年:2016年 6月発行 
価格:£47.99
ISBN: 9781443890397
所蔵館:板倉


Book Description

This study re-locates the work of Henry James by revealing parallels between the aestheticism of John Ruskin and that of James. It explores a mix of well-known fictional texts alongside James’s essays and tales, which are less frequently analysed, but which, nevertheless, offer important insights into James’s attitude to his artistic method. Tracing James’s early development in comparison with Ruskin’s, this book also explores German Romantic thought and the idealism of Kant, Goethe and Hegel. While examining the German connections with James, this study is also alert to James’s relations with Walter Pater and French realism, to which James became increasingly close in the mid-1880s.

Rather than placing James within one single category, it demonstrates how James interfused Romanticism and realism in establishing his own form of aestheticism. Shedding light on James’s period of apprenticeship, this book therefore articulates the Victorian concept of ‘aestheticism’ as used by James and Ruskin.


Cambridge Scholars Publishingの紹介ページ

 

教員メッセージ

 学生時代Henry JamesのThe Portrait of a Ladyを読んで感動しました。「男性作家がどうしてこんなに女性心理を理解しているんだろう?Jamesの考えは、一体どこから来るんだろう?」という疑問を持ち、イギリスの大学院の博士課程でHenry Jamesを研究することにつながりました。

 本書はその4年間の研究の総まとめです。主に、19世紀の芸術評論家John Ruskinの思想と比較しながら、Jamesの初期の作品を分析しています。The Portrait. . .のように有名な小説の他、あまり脚光を浴びて来なかった旅行記や短編小説や評論も取り上げ、JamesがRuskinの影響を強く受けながらも、自分自身の芸術観・作風を確立していく過程を考察しています。また、Romanticism、aestheticism、realismなどの文学用語についても掘り下げているため、読者はその奥深さや多様性を再確認することになるかも知れません。

 本書の執筆にあたり、母校アバディーン大学の指導教官には大変お世話になりました。同大学図書館の地下に所蔵されていた、膨大な19世紀の雑誌の原書を手に取って情報収集する作業は、宝探しのようなときめきがありました。

 本書は英米文学を専攻する大学高学年から院生に向いていると思いますが、それ以外の方も、本書を通してJamesの作品に親しみ、哲学的なものの見方を知るきっかけになればと思います。

目次

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Acknowledgements ................................................................................... vii
Introduction ................................................................................................. 1
Aestheticism, James and Ruskin
Chapter One ............................................................................................... 14
Puritan Spirit and Catholic Art in Transatlantic Sketches (1875)
and Italian Hours (1909)
1 Protestant Origin and Morality
2 Aesthetic Fascination with Catholic Architecture
3 Religious Imagination and Truth in Paintings
Chapter Two .............................................................................................. 45
Nature and Art in Roderick Hudson (1875)
1 Religious Virtue and Aesthetic Creed
2 Symbolic Nature and the Sublime
3 Imagination and Practicality
Chapter Three ............................................................................................ 80
Aestheticism in Question: ‘The Madonna of the Future’ (1873),
‘Eugene Pickering’ (1874) and ‘Rose-Agathe’ (1878)
1 Truthfulness in Question: Imitative Artists in ‘The Madonna
 of the Future’ (1873)
2 Conscience in Question: Manipulative Aesthetes in ‘Eugene
 Pickering’ (1874)
3 Taste in Question: Delusion in ‘Rose-Agathe’ (1878)
Chapter Four ............................................................................................ 100
Ethics and Aesthetics in The Portrait of a Lady (1881)
1 Romantic Spirit and the Love of Beauty
2 Ethical Aestheticism, Romantic Aestheticism and Choice of Husband
3 Searching for Light: Disillusion and Reconciliation
Chapter Five ............................................................................................ 133
Realism in ‘Swinburne’s Essays’ (1875), ‘Alphonse Daudet’ (1883)
and ‘The Art of Fiction’ (1884)
1 Against the Shallow Pool of the Picturesque: ‘Swinburne’s Essays’
 (1875)
2 Admiration of the Transmuted Real: ‘Alphonse Daudet’ (1883)
3 Request for the Needle and the Thread: ‘The Art of Fiction’ (1884)
Chapter Six .............................................................................................. 163
Vulgarity and Practicality in The Tragic Muse (1890)
1 An Apostle of Beauty
2 A Priestess of Harmony
3 Art and Politics
Conclusion ............................................................................................... 193
List of Abbreviations ............................................................................... 199
Bibliography ............................................................................................ 201

[著者] 江口 智子 (エグチ トモコ)

Tomoko Eguchi received an MA in Romantic and Victorian Literature from Lancaster University in 2007 and a PhD in English from the University of Aberdeen in 2012.
Her research focuses on spiritual and cultural aspects in nineteenth-century English literature. Since 2013, she has been Lecturer of English in the Department of Life Sciences at Toyo University, Japan.
 

関連リンク

東洋大学研究者情報データベース(江口 智子 准教授)