1. トップページ
  2. Academics//教育
  3. 学部・学科
  4. Faculty of Law//法学部
  5. AY 2016 German Training Program in Munich//法学部◆2016年度ミュンヘン・ドイツ語研修を実施しました
MENU CLOSE

AY 2016 German Training Program in Munich//法学部◆2016年度ミュンヘン・ドイツ語研修を実施しました

  • English
  • 日本語

In AY 2014, as one of its language training programs, the Faculty of Law at Toyo University started participating in spring German seminars jointly run by the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen (University of Munich) and Verein fur Interkulturelle Verstandigung. The AY 2016 training program, the third in the series, was attended by 16 undergraduate students comprising 12 freshmen and four sophomores, all of whom completed the prescribed three-week training program and received completion certificates from the University of Munich.

This training program awards two credits, which can be counted toward the credits required for graduation, as well as points countable toward the Toyo Global (TG) Points required for certification as a Toyo global leader under the University’s Toyo Global Leader (TGL) Program. Under the TGL Program, the University certifies each participant who accumulates certain tallies of points as a Person Who is Capable of Understanding and Respecting Other Societies, Their Cultures, and Their Customs in Today’s Internationalized Society and of Identifying and Resolving Social Issues.
The city of Munich used to be the capital of the Kingdom of Bavaria, which existed until 1918, and today is the capital of the state of Bavaria within the Federal Republic of Germany. By undertaking the program in this city, which is still imbued with the culture of the former kingdom, participants in the German training program are able to broaden their understanding of the culture and customs of the local society while staying with host families, putting their knowledge and skills acquired during the program into practice, and experiencing cross-cultural communication.

On weekdays, participants are provided with German lessons in the morning in a seminar room at the University of Munich. In the afternoon, they are given opportunities to practice using what they learned in the morning lessons by performing accordingly themed exercises at locations outside the seminar room, such as at markets, department stores, museums, and palaces in the city. Walking around the old town areas, you come across a church every several hundred meters. During the final week of the AY 2016 training program, we took a train from Munich and visited an abbey on the outskirts of the city about an hour away. There was also a carnival (Fasching) during this year’s three-week training program. During classes, participants were taught in advance about the purposes and history of Christian celebrations including the Fasching and the festival that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus (Easter), and we all dressed up in costumes and strolled around the city. A number of participants said that this experience of learning firsthand about the Christian traditions passed down in southern Germany gave them a good opportunity to think about the meanings of ancient Japanese religions and festival holidays.
In addition to the above features of the city, Munich is also well known for having been the place where the White Rose (Die Weise Rose) resistance movement began. Beginning in 1942 and continuing into the following year, the movement fought against the regime not with swords but with pens. The Atrium of the Main Building of the University of Munich, where members of the White Rose were arrested, was one of the places that we passed through every day during the program, and the room where the arrested members stood trial also still exists in the Bavarian Department of Justice and the District Court I of Munich (Bavarian State Court). An assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler was also made in the city and on the very location of the attempt now stands the Gasteig cultural center. As part of the program, we also visited the Dachau concentration camp, where the arrested ringleader of this assassination attempt spent his life in prison. The Faculty of Law believes that it is extremely important that law students, in their pursuit of political science and jurisprudence, visit historical sites such as these that can help them in examining issues related to ideologies, politics, law and conscience, and the rule of law.
As is described above, this training program is more than a mere language course; rather, it is specially designed to enable the Faculty of Law to actively provide law students with learning opportunities directly related to their specialization. In particular, during the AY 2016 training program, in addition to the aforementioned Dachau concentration camp and Bavarian State Court, participants visited the Bavarian state government building where they learned about the history of European wars and saw the actual practices employed and academic research efforts made at the forefront of the field of jurisprudence.

German is spoken not only in Germany but also in Austria and Switzerland. In order for participants to witness firsthand the use of German in other countries, we also went to Salzburg, Austria. When the participants realized, while entering Austria at the border crossing, that they were not being asked to produce their passports and that the same language was spoken, they seemed to be struck by how substantially different  Japan as an island nation is from these European countries.

Prof.Norikazu Ashino, a specialist in civil law, and Dr.Masatoshi Tanaka, an associate professor in German Education, (both of whom are affiliated with the Faculty of Law at Toyo University) traveled along with the participants during this training program and advised them on their studies, stay in Munich, and sightseeing outings. There were more than a few participants for whom this program represented their first overseas trip. They reported experiencing?both on the city streets during the day and at the homes of their host families' many differences between German and Japanese values. Some of these students told their instructors that experiencing such differences enabled them to rethink their way of looking at the world and their own culture and society from an objective viewpoint. At the end of the program, a farewell party was held for the participants and they performed skits based on their cross-cultural experiences.

東洋大学法学部では2014年度より、ルートヴィヒ=マクシミリアン大学(ミュンヘン大学)と異文化コミュニケーション協会が共同で設置する春季ドイツ語セミナーに参加する語学研修を実施しています。3回目の実施となった2016年度は16名の学部生(1年生-12名、2年生-4名)が参加し、全員が3週間の所定のプログラムを終えて、ミュンヘン大学より修了証を授与されました。

この研修は単位認定型(2単位)であり、卒業に必要な単位に含めることが可能です。また、東洋大学が導入している「東洋グローバルリーダー(TGL)プログラム」のポイント加算対象ともなっており、一定のポイントを獲得した学生には「国際社会の中にあって、異なる社会・文化・慣習を理解・尊重し、課題発見・問題解決することができる人財」であることを示す証明書が大学から授与されることになっています。ミュンヘンは、1918年まで存在したバイエルン王国の首都であり、現在のドイツ連邦共和国におけるバイエルン州の州都です。バイエルン王国の文化が薫るミュンヘンで、一般家庭にホームステイし、研修で学んだ知識と技術を実践しながら、異文化交流を体験し、視野を広げることができます。

平日の午前中はミュンヘン大学の演習室でドイツ語レッスンを受け、午後は市内のマーケットやデパート、博物館、宮殿などに場所を移して午前中に学んだテーマに即した実践をします。旧市街地を歩くと、数百メートルごとに教会があることに気づかされます。最終週には、ミュンヘンから電車で一時間の郊外にある修道院も訪問しました。研修期間中にカーニバル(謝肉祭)もあり、授業であらかじめカーニバルや復活祭(イースター)をはじめとするキリスト教に関する祝典の意味や歴史について学んだ後、皆で仮装をして街に繰り出しました。南ドイツに息づくキリスト教に直に触れたことで、日本古来の宗教や祝祭日の意義を見つめ直すよいきっかけになったようです。

ミュンヘンは、1942年から43年にかけて当時の体制に対して剣ではなくペンをとって抵抗しようとした運動(Die Weiße Rose「白バラ」)の舞台としても有名です。「白バラ」メンバーの一部が逮捕・拘束された場所(ミュンヘン大学の吹き抜けホール)は研修中日常的に通る場所であり、またメンバーの裁判が行われた部屋も、ミュンヘン市内のバイエルン州裁判所内に現存します。ヒトラー暗殺未遂事件現場の跡地(現在は文化センター)も市内にありますし、その首謀者が逮捕され獄中生活を送った刑務所(ダッハウ強制収容所)にもプログラムの一環でみんなで行きました。政治学・法学に携わる法学部生が、このような歴史的な場所に立ち、「イデオロギー」「政治」「法と良心」「法の支配」などについて考える一つの手がかりにしてもらえることにも、大きな意義があると思われます。

このように、この研修は、単なる語学研修にとどまらず、法学部が主体となって運営する研修として、法学専門科目に直結する学びにも工夫が凝らされています。具体的には、先述のダッハウ強制収容所、バイエルン州裁判所の他、州政府庁舎も訪問し、ヨーロッパにおける戦争の歴史、法学の実務と学術研究の最前線を見ることができました。

ドイツ語はドイツのみではなく、オーストリアやスイスなどでも用いられている言語です。ドイツ以外の国でもドイツ語が用いられている実情を知るため、オーストリア・ザルツブルクにも行きました。いざドイツからオーストリアへと国境を越えても、パスポートチェックもなく、また言語も変わらない様子に、日本が島国であることを改めて実感した学生も少なくなかったようです。

研修期間中は、東洋大学法学部の専任教員である芦野訓和教授(専門:民法)と田中雅敏准教授(専門:ドイツ語)が同行し、学習面や現地での生活・観光についてアドバイスをしました。初めての海外滞在となった学生も少なくなく、日中は街角で、また帰宅すればホームステイ先の家族と、日本とは違う価値観にもたくさんぶつかったようですが、それを自分の肌で体感することによって、自分自身の持つ世界観や自国の文化・社会について客観的な目で見つめ直すことができたようです。研修最後のフェアウェルパーティでは参加者たち自身の異文化体験を題材にした寸劇を披露しました。

写真1

写真2