Special Lecture

Lecture series “Philosophy and Religion 1”, 3nd Unit

14-1   Professor Markus Gabrielis a rising German philosopher from Bonn University. This was his first visit to Japan, and he gave a two-part lecture series on December 17th and 18th, 2013, at the Toyo University Hakusan Campus (Building8, Room 8391;Building 6, Meeting Room 3). His presentations were entitled “Die Ontologie der Prädikation in Schellingin Schellings Die Weltalter”and  “Die Zeitphilosophie in Schellings Weltaltern,” respectively. Emphasizing epistemology and skepticism, Gabriel’s philosophy critically considers contemporary problems. From the field of history, he considers ancient philosophy, idealism, and modern philosophy; from the field of systematic research, he examines continental and analytical philosophy. At the request of the host of this event, Professor Nagashimatakashi(Ircp Researcher), based on his interpretation of Schelling’s Die Weltalter, introduced what he views as the most important contemporary, philosophical problems and his most recent thoughts regarding them. As one of the few scholars studying Die Weltalter and Schelling’s late philosophy, he is a leader in the field. Gabriel is active in the US and Europe, and writes about analytical philosophy from a critical perspective. He has also previously been invited to China five times. This was a good opportunity to directly come into contact with his controversial thought. 

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   Gabriel advocates humanism and a new realism based on a reevaluation of Schelling. In his first lecture, Gabriel, who is well acquainted with analytical philosophy, clearly showed the accomplishments and limitations of Gottlob Frege and Ludwig Wittgenstein. He proposed that a breakthrough can be found in a nonontological interpretation of Schelling’s ontology in Die Weltalter. Gabriel has inherited the stance of Professor Wolfram Hogrebe, a leading interpreter of Die Weltalter, and he connects the potential of Hogrebe’s thought to the resolution of theoretical issues. One could describe his approach as a reevaluation of Schelling’s endeavors in logic, which has continually been misunderstood for the past century. In the second lecture, Gabriel reinterpreted Schelling’s unique predicate concept and the concept of time that undergirds it, our contradictory  representation of time. He criticized, on a fundamental level, the form of thought of the contemporary dehumanizing world that shares its roots with numerically measured and unreasonably as well as linearly homogenized temporal representations, arguing forthe absolute freedom as the basis for correctly understanding real experience of time. In this lecture series, Gabriel proposed a new mission for philosophy based on a radical concept of freedom, while reinterpreting the philosophy of Schelling.    14-3