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Research Goals and the Outline (Research Center for Development of Welfare Society//研究目的・概要(福祉社会開発研究センター)

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The Objective of the Study and Purpose(Research Center for Development of Welfare Society)

 

The Objective of the Study and Purpose

 

In the 2nd term, the theme is the "the study about the watch and the independent support, corresponding to senior citizens, persons with disabilities, and social isolations of the children". The watch and independent support which corresponds to the social isolation, the state of the general support methods and systems, are being considered.

 

 In recent years, as the characteristic of the study about the support of social welfare, with the fluctuation of social economic structure, poverty and income differential, isolation and lonely death, abuse, consumer damage, homeless, and working poor, the difficulty of the various lives with embrittlement on social relation are taken up. To the complexity of such problems, building of a multilateral support system is desired. At our center, while planning for the cooperation between the 4 group units mentioned below, under the sites and the cooperation with the administrative staffs in charge, it is being studied overall, aiming for the formation of the network system, and the policy and system.

 

 At the " Research Unit for Elderly", a system of watch and living support by the residents, specialized agencies, administration are considered in the center, for the elderly people with dementia, senior citizens living alone, and people facing social isolation and living difficulties. At the "Research Unit for People with Disabilities", it is studied about the "own decision support" and development of a program, which are indispensable for intellectually-disabled people's independent living, supporters' education, and the area living support. At the "Research Unit for Children", a program of the child home support, which makes the fatherless family as the main concern, staff training is put into effect, and the outcome is expanded in the child care support of ordinary homes. Research Group for Theory and History which carry 3 units of common foundation are set up and research activities beyond the limit of the unit are performed.

 

 Through research activities of these unit groups、and from the angles of the watch and living support, the support system in the area debated dispersive in each field up to now, we aim come to a theory as a general area support system. We are aiming to get a long-term view about the state of the future social welfare's support system in Japan. To the young researchers (Research Assistant, Ra), through the exchange at the site of social welfare, the ability which can contribute to systematic making of practical business affair data and analysis, we plan for the training of the management skills of the research project.

 

 Our study receives the adoption of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology "Mext-Supported Program for the Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities", and is put into effect.

 

Study Overview and Purpose (Research Center for the Development of Welfare Society)

 

Purpose and General Significance of the Study

 

 During the second term of the project, the theme was “General Research on Handling Social Isolation by Supporting Independence and Watching over People like Children, Senior Citizens, and People Suffering from Disabilities.” During this period, general support methods, state of the system, and structure for supporting independence and maintaining a close watch to address social isolation were investigated.

 

 In recent years, various difficulties in life that accompany socially related vulnerability such as poverty, income inequality, isolation and deaths in isolation, abuse, consumer damage, homelessness, and the working poor have been recognized as changes that accompany the socioeconomic structure. These are characteristic findings of studies related to supporting social welfare. The complexity of such issues has necessitated the construction of a multifaceted support system. This center attempts to establish mutual cooperation among the four groups or units below. While doing so, the center will cooperate with administrative and onsite officials to conduct general research aimed at creating policies, a network, and a system to help with these issues.

 

 The senior citizens’ unit primarily investigates a system run by citizens, that is, administration or specialized institutions to support lives of people who are socially isolated or have difficulties with the practicalities of living and senior citizens who are living alone or who have cognitive impairments. The disabilities unit conducts studies related to supporting community life, training people to offer support, and developing a program to support the autonomous decision making of people with intellectual disabilities (a skill essential for them to lead independent lives). The children’s unit supports families with children by creating a program primarily focused on households with a mother and child; in addition, they train staff members and propagate their results to help support average families raising children. Moreover, a theory and history group has been created to handle these three units’ common foundation, and they conduct research activities that transcend each unit’s framework.

 

 Through these units and groups’ research activities, the regional support system that has been discussed separately in each field will be theorized into a more general regional support system based on the perspective of lifestyle and care-giving support. These groups’ research activities are an attempt to obtain a long-term outlook on how support systems for social welfare will work in Japan in the future. Furthermore, this project attempts to train young researchers (research assistants) in the abilities to manage research projects and contribute to the creation and analysis of practical and systematic data by having them interact in real-life social welfare situations.

 

 This study was chosen for the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology’s “Program for the Creation of a Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities,” and it is being conducted accordingly.

研究の趣旨・目的

 第2期では、「高齢者、障害者、子どもの社会的孤立に対応する見守り支援・自立支援に関する総合的研究」をテーマとして、社会的孤立に対応する見守り・自立支援の仕組みと、一般的な支援方法やシステム等のあり方を検討しています。

 近年、社会福祉の支援に関する研究の特色として、社会経済構造の変動に伴い、貧困・所得格差、孤立・孤独死、虐待、消費者被害、ホームレス、ワーキングプアなど、社会関係の脆弱化にともなう様々な生活上の困難が取り上げられており、このような問題の複雑性に対し、多面的な支援体制の構築が求められています。当センターでは、以下に挙げる4つのユニット・グループ相互の連携を図りながら、現場や行政の担当者との協働の下、ネットワーク・システムや、制度・政策の形成等をめざした総合的研究を行っています。

 高齢ユニットでは、認知症高齢者やひとり暮らし高齢者等、社会的孤立や生活困難を抱えやすい人々に対する、住民、専門機関、行政による見守り支援と生活支援のシステムを中心に検討します。障害ユニットでは、知的障害者の自立生活に不可欠な自己決定支援とプログラムの開発、支援者養成、地域生活支援に関する研究を行います。子どもユニットでは、母子世帯を中心とする子ども家庭支援のプログラムの作成を行うとともに、職員研修を実施し、その成果を一般家庭の子育て支援に拡大していきます。また、3ユニットの共通基盤を担う理論・歴史グループを設け、ユニットの枠を超えた研究活動を行います。

 これらのユニット・グループの研究活動を通じて、これまで各分野でばらばらに議論されてきた地域における支援システムを、見守り支援と生活支援の観点から、より一般的な地域支援システムとして理論化し、将来の日本における社会福祉の支援システムのあり方についての長期的な展望を得ることを目指しています。また、若手研究者(研究支援者、Ra)に対し、社会福祉の現場との交流を通じて、体系的な実務データの作成と分析に貢献できる能力、研究プロジェクトのマネジメント力の育成を図ります。

 当研究は、文部科学省「私立大学戦略的研究基盤形成支援事業」の採択を受け、実施されています。